HISTORICAL IMPORTANCE AND BRIEF DESCRIPTION
OF THE PLACES IN KARNATAKA
Nadu Andhra Pradesh
Bangalore : It is
the capital city of Karnataka and the fifth largest city in India. It is
the country's fastest growing metropolis today. Situated at 920 meters
(3021 feet) above sea level, Bangalore is blessed with a salubrious climate.
It was founded by
Kempe Gowda in the year 1537 A.D. He also built
the Gavi Gangadhareswara
temple at Gavipuram and Bull temple
at Basavanagudi. The places to be visited are :-
Lalbagh : It was laid out in the year 1760 A.D by Hyder
Ali & developed by Tippu Sultan. This 10-acre botanical
garden is the loveliest spot in Bangalore. It houses many century-old trees,
lakes, lotus ponds, flower beds, a deer park and one of the largest collections
of rare tropical and sub-tropical plants in India.
Vidhana Soudha : It was erected in 1956 A.D. This magnificent
granite structure built in the neo-Dravidian style of architecture,
is one of the most spectacular buildings of India.This four-storeyed building
houses both the Karnataka Legislature and
It covers an area over 5,00,000 sq.ft., with towering columns, ornamental
frescoes and exquisite carvings.
Cubbon Park : This beautiful park was laid in 1864 and covers
an area of about 300 acers in the centre of Bangalore with its beautifully
laid out lawns, grassy expanse, flowering trees, childrens' play ground
and a bandstand.Within the park are the red Gothic buildings which house
the Public Library,the High Court, the Government Museum, Visveswaraya
Technological & Industrial Museum, the Government Aquarium, the Century
Club and Jawahar Bal Bhavan.
Bangalore Palace : It is situated in the midst of a
well- laid-out garden in the high grounds, north-west of the Vidhana soudha.
It resembles the Windsor Castle in London.
Venkatappa Art Gallery : This art gallery is a wing of the Government
Visvesvaraya Museum : Attractive models depicting the industrial
and technological development in India.
Govt. Museum : Established in 1886 A.D, it is one of the oldest
museums in India. Contains sections on archaeology, ethnology, geology,
numismatics and art relics from Mohenjodaro(dating back to 5000 B.C).
The aura of grandeur and royalty is still there in Mysore, the official
capital of the erstwhile maharajas. Wherever you are in Mysore, you find
the reflection of the Iavish ways of the former royal rulers. The best
to visit is during Dasara (September - October). The places to be visited
Maharaja's Palace : Built during 1911-12 in the Indo-Saracenic
style. The palace has a magnificent Durbar Hall with a 200kg gold throne
inlaid with precious stones.
Chamundi hills : There is a temple dedicated to Chamundeswari
on the top of the hill. The temple has a jewel Nakshatra-Malike, donated
by Mumudi Krishnarajendra Wodeyar with 30 Sanskrit slokas inscribed on
it. The top can be reached by climbing 1000 steps.
Brindavan Gardens : It is situated at the base of the Krishnaraja
Sagar Dam built across the river Cauvery. The Dam, 2.4km long and forming
a 130-sq-km lake, is one of the biggest in India. It has been built in
stone without cement and comprises parapets and a grotto for the river-Goddess
Zoological Gardens : This century-old zoo houses nearly 2000
animals. It has the distinction of breeding wild animals in captivity.
Somnathpur : The Sri Somnath
temple here is known for its Hoysala architecture. Built in 1268 A.D. by
Hoysala King Narasimha III, the temple is seated on a star-shaped base,
set on a chiselled plinth and gaurded at intervals by miniature elephants.
Belur-Halebid : The Belur temple
is dedicated to Lord Channakeshava. The temple is one of the finest specimens
of Hoysala architecture. It was built by the Hoysala King Vishnuvardhana
around 1116 A.D. The Hoysaleshwara temple at Halebid is another specimen
of Hoysala architecture.
This famous Jain piligrim is situated in Hassan district. It is known for
the 57-foot-tall monolith of the jain sage Gomateshwara (Lord Bahubali),
which stands on top of Indragiri hill. It is nearly 1800 years old.
Situated on the Western Ghats, it is known for its breath-taking spectacle
of sunset, especially during November & December.
Udupi : It is a well-known
piligrim center. The Udupi Paryaya festival attracts devotees from all
over the country. The image of Lord Krishna at the temple here was installed
in the 13th century by Sri Madhavacharya, the exponent of the Dwaitha system
Bijapur : It was the capital
of the Adil Shahi dynasty during 17th century. The city is famous for Gol
Gumbaz, the mausoleum of Mohammed Adil Shah. It has a floor area of 18,337
sq. ft. and walls of 10 ft. thickness. It is consturcted in such a way
that the tick of a watch or the rustle of a paper can be heard across a
distance of 124 ft. in the whispering gallery of the huge dome, and the
sound is echoed eleven times over. The Gol Gumbaz, not supported by pillars
at any point, is considered the second largest in the world next only to
St. Peter's in Rome.
It was once the capital of the mighty Vijayanagar Empire. This city has
a Krishna temple built by Krishnadevaraya with a monolithic statue of Narasimha.
The Vittal temple here has 56 pillars, each of which produces different
musical notes when tapped.
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Nadu Andhra Pradesh